LaRue, Jan. Guidelines for Style Analysis. Edited by Marian Green LaRue. Expanded Second Edition with Models for Style Analysis (CD Supplement, x, 85 pp). Michigan: Harmonie Park Press, 2011. xxviii, 286 pp.
Jan LaRue’s Guidelines for Style Analysis (Harmonie Park Press, 2011) reissues the classic introduction to a comprehensive method of stylistic analysis first published by its late author in 1970. This latest printing of Guidelines expands the 1992 second edition through the addition of a companion volume, Models for Style Analysis, included as a CD supplement. Although Models consists primarily of fifteen musical examples, the styles of which LaRue has analyzed in accordance with his prescribed method, its brief introductory chapter offers a revised “Cue Sheet” (pp. 3–5), the concise outline of stylistic possibilities that LaRue recommends the analyst use as a point of departure when undertaking to examine a musical work.
A glance at the cue sheet reveals the five broad categories into which LaRue groups the numerous parameters of musical style: sound, harmony, melody, rhythm, and growth (hence the “easily remembered” acronym, SHMRG). The investigation and evaluation of these categories forms the core of LaRue’s analytical method, and he devotes an entire chapter of Guidelines to each. While the first four categories in SHMRG are likely of obvious significance to any scholar, the fifth, growth, is one that LaRue conceives to encompass not only the unfolding of a piece through time but also the atemporal impression of form that such an unfolding leaves behind. As befits the character of a practical reference volume, LaRue’s prose is generally clear and matter-of-fact. To introduce the reader to potentially unfamiliar ideas such as this, however, he understands the value of a tasteful analogy:
At the same time that a piece moves forward, it creates a shape in our memories to which its later movement inevitably relates, just as the motion of a figure skater leaves a tracing of visible arabesques on the ice when the movement has passed far away. (p. 1)
This unconventional, but soundly argued, conceptual synthesis of musical development and musical structure surely ranks among the most progressive contributions of the book and therefore serves as a prominent reminder that beneath every prescriptive method of analysis lies a descriptive theory of style.
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